Complete English grammar course

Advanced English Reading Lessons

Lesson 1 (60 minutes)

    • 5 minutes Conversation and discussion

    • 30 minutes: Reading

    • 20 minutes Writing

    • 5 minutes Conversation and discussion

Read the text below then answer the questions below:


What Does Personality Trait Mean?

A personality trait is defined as something about a person that impacts how they tend to think, feel and behave on an ongoing basis. Personality traits are characteristic of enduring behavioral and emotional patterns, rather than isolated occurrences. Anyone can occasionally have a bad day, get irritated and make a snappy remark. When this happens in isolation, it doesn’t reflect a personality trait. However, when someone’s typical behavior is to snap at people rather than communicating politely, then “snappiness” is likely a personality trait that person has.

Examples of Positive Personality Traits

Positive personality traits manifest themselves in many ways. When a person’s regular behavior exhibits the same positive attributes time and time again, the associated behaviors become definitive of their character. In the examples below, the bold terms represent descriptive words commonly used to convey the positive trait mentioned.

  • Being honest and taking responsibility for your actions are admirable qualities.
  • Adaptability and affability are great traits that can help a person get along well with others.
  • Drive, determination and persistence can help keep a person going no matter what.
  • Compassion, understanding and empathy help a person relate well to others.
  • In addition to being a virtue, patience is a personality trait that's universally valued.
  • Courage and confidence can help a person choose to do what is right in tough situations.
  • Loyalty is a good quality to possess; it will help others decide that you are trustworthy.
  • Being adventurous and fearless can empower you to be willing to take chances.
  • Having an imaginative and creative nature can help you come up with innovative ideas and unique solutions.
  • Being helpful to others is a personality trait that will cause others to see you as indispensable.
  • Being meticulous and precise means that you're careful and conscientious.
  • A person who is optimistic tends to look for the bright side of situations rather than forcing on the negative.
  • Someone who is reliable and dependable is an individual that others know they can count on.
  • People who are gregarious, charming or sociable tend to be friendly, outgoing and upbeat.
  • Those who are independent develop a reputation for taking initiative and seeing things through on their own.
  • People who are fair and impartial are viewed by others as being able to make objective decisions not influenced by bias.
  • Those who take an encouraging approach are viewed as being caring and interested in seeing others succeed.
  • People who are humble tend to be viewed as those who can succeed without being arrogant about their accomplishments.
  • If people view you as capable and competent, they tend to trust that you know what you are doing.
  • Those who are exuberant come across as being filled with joy and enthusiasm.
  • People who are discreet are viewed as trustworthy individuals who are respectful of the privacy and dignity of others.

Examples of Negative Personality Traits

What would life be without balance? For the most part, people are not all good or all bad (though there may be some exceptions). Chances are that you, and everyone you meet, have at least a few negative personality traits. Consider some examples of negative attributes. Again, the descriptive words or phrases commonly used to express these traits are bold.

  • A propensity for lying in order to avoid responsibility for one's actions is a deplorable quality.
  • A tendency to be untruthful or dishonest in your dealings with others is also a negative trait.
  • Being rigid and consistently unyielding to the needs of others are not endearing qualities.
  • Being full of laziness and excuses for failing to meet obligations is sure to drive others away.
  • An inability to empathize with others is a negative personality trait that can alienate others.
  • Being quick to anger will damage relationships and turn people away.
  • Being disloyal, such as talking about others behind their backs or betraying them for personal gain, is among the most negative personality traits.
  • People who are bossy tend to come across as self-centered individuals who disregard the concerns of others.
  • Those who are conceited, pompous or arrogant tend to think that they have all the answers or universally know better than everyone else.
  • Those who are unfriendly are often viewed as disrespectful and/or uninterested in connecting with other people.
  • People who are sullen or surly by nature can be very rude and unpleasant to deal with in a personal or professional capacity.
  • Those who are cowardly exhibit an unwillingness to face adversity head-on or to stand up for what is right.
  • People who tend to be slovenly habitually fail to take care of their appearance or surroundings, and so are viewed negatively by others.
  • People who are quarrelsome or argumentative by nature are more concerned with winning arguments and being right than with finding a solution.
  • Those who are too finicky or picky come across as extreme perfectionists who cannot be pleased no matter what one does.
  • People who tend to be impulsive often act without thinking about the consequences to themselves or others, thus coming across as reckless.
  • Those who are habitually stingy or greedy are viewed by others as selfish individuals who disregard the needs of others.
  • People who are sneaky tend to be deliberately deceptive, factors that most definitely represent negative personality traits.
  • Those who engage in malicious acts deliberately do things that they know will negatively impact other people.
  • Those who are thoughtless act with a total disregard for how their actions might impact other people.
  • Those who behave in an unruly manner are often disruptive and disrespectful and can cause harm to others by their irresponsible actions.


Lesson Instructions

Read the text and answer the questions below.

Writing Exercise

In 25 words write about each of the six personality traits you chose for yourself.

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