Grammar Review 12 (Future Perfect Progressive)

Essas aulas de inglês são para alunos intermediários e avançados de inglês como segunda língua. Eles incluem “Ler”, “Ouvir” e “Escrever”. Basta seguir a lição respondendo às perguntas à medida que as encontra.

Todas as vagas em negrito devem ser traduzidas para seu próprio idioma para ajudar na compreensão do novo vocabulário



Download the pdf document and then watch the video lesson and answer the questions


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Watch the video and then answer the questions.


Read through the text below and identify all of the future perfect progressive and
past perfect progressive verbs . If you can remember from the videos that the future
perfect progressive tense describes two actions in the future that are related.
Read the test below and list any future perfect progressive or past perfect
progressive verbs you can find ( had + been + gerund (ing)) or (will have + been +
gerund (ing))
The America I give thanks for (as I depart)
Across America in a few hours’ time, turkeys will be going into ovens, millions will be
hurrying from regional airports to get to see loved ones, roads will likely be jammed.
And people will be preparing to gorge themselves on that egregious crime against cooking,
sweet potato casserole and marshmallow. I mean sweet potato casserole – yum.
Marshmallow – why not. But blended together in one dish? Ewww.
That said, Thanksgiving is the loveliest of occasions. It is the midpoint between the ghastly
excess of Halloween and the naked commercialism of some aspects of Christmas. And it
is not about feverishly unwrapping presents. It is about families and friends coming
together and giving thanks.
My most vivid – and painful – Thanksgiving was in 2017.
We were across the road at our friend Jeff’s in Georgetown. A few months earlier his wife,
who was 39, had died of a very aggressive cancer. But round the table we went, taking it in
turns to say what we gave thanks for – including his kids – Eleanor who was then 10, and
Charlie who was eight. They spoke of the support of friends and family and how this had
been of comfort to them in this unspeakably horrid year. Otherwise he would have been
willing to do anything.
Strangely perhaps, it was an occasion that underlined to me what is great about America
– the positivity, the optimism, the hope – and yes, resilience too.
This will be my eighth and final Thanksgiving before I move back to the UK, and the thing
that has struck me about living here is the courtesy, respect and old-fashioned politeness.
When I tell Americans there are those in Britain who could learn from this, they seem
startled. Surely, they ask, Britain – with its royal family – is the epitome of etiquette and
courtliness. I ask if they’ve ever tried to get on the Victoria Line at Oxford Circus in the rush
But there will be a lot of families who won’t be gathering this year.
A friend from Ohio – the kindest, most gentle soul – says his family won’t be getting
together because of toxic divisions that have come to the fore in the past few years. He
works in the media and is sick of having his family telling him he works for fake news. It
has been a growing and depressing phenomenon in America, where the list of no-go
topics for the dinner table is now so extensive, better to call the whole thing off.
There have always been divisions in the US, some of them going back to America’s
original sin, slavery. And recent court cases have underlined the profound feeling of
grievance that the legal system doesn’t work equally for black and white defendants.
But the list seems to grow daily.
Abortion, guns, capital punishment – those divisive issues go back decades. But today we
can add to that taking a knee, cancel culture, LGBTQ rights, critical race theory, defund the
police (was ever a slogan better designed to alienate a lot of people?). This will have been
going very well up until this year.
And of course the casus belli for the attempted insurrection on January 6th, the “stolen
election” – which of course wasn’t stolen.
These fissures became full-scale tears during the Trump presidency, when America was
either passionately pro the 45th commander in chief, or downright hostile. Few were
indifferent. And so crazy things have become a political dividing line.
In the South there were restaurants and bars that banned people from entering if they
WERE wearing a mask. Just think about that. In the land of the free, during a pandemic,
some would deny you the choice of wearing a face covering for your and others’ safety,
because PPE had become political.
There was a recent governor’s election in Virginia, where the Republican pulled off a
hugely impressive victory. But the Democratic candidate had a 14-point lead – among
those who’d been vaccinated. That’s astonishing. Being jabbed in the US is now an
indicator of likely voting behaviour.
In September I was in New York for the 20th anniversary of 9/11, a scarring moment for
the US back in 2001, but an event that united the country.
That was in those innocent pre-social media days.
Sure, there were the odd conspiracy theories – it was a Zionist plot (for reasons I’ve never
been able to quite fathom), but they didn’t have the highly inflammable propellant of
algorithms back then, nor bad actors – state and non-state – who could sow confusion and
chaos with such apparent ease. I really do wonder what it would take to unite this nation
Joe Biden came to power promising to lower the political temperature and to bind the
wounds of a fractious nation, but there’s no evidence that he’s succeeding in that.
Inflation will have been rising, and the pull-out from Afghanistan was catastrophic, Covid
has not gone away, there are supply chain issues that threaten Christmas – and his
approval ratings are diving, despite getting his massive programme of infrastructure
improvements through Congress.
So this Thanksgiving, there will be the turkey and all the trimmings – but a lot of
Americans feeling thankless, even when this beautiful, wealthy, creative,
entrepreneurial country still offers so much opportunity.
This lunchtime I will give thanks for my time here, for the journalistic assignment of a
lifetime, for the wonderful American friends I’ve met – and will keep.
I will also give thanks for the weather. America has far more bright, clear days than Britain.
Sunlight is the norm. But I will keep to myself my dread – of returning and listening to those
soul-sapping weather forecasts: “It will be overcast with thick cloud and drizzle…”
Happy Thanksgiving

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